第6回支倉セミナー Japan's Castles: Citadels of Modernity in War and Peace「日本の城」平和と戦争の近代の城郭

日時 2019.7.3 13:00~14:30
場所 文学研究科棟208講義室MAP
主催 日本学国際共同大学院
講師:Ran Zwigenberg (Assistant Professor, Pennsylvania State University)
absract: Both home and abroad, Japan’s castles serve as prominent symbols of local, regional, and national identity. Castles occupy the center of most major Japanese cities and are universally recognizable as sites of heritage and as a link to the nation’s past.  The current prominence of castles obscures their troubled modern history. After the restoration of 1868, castles, no longer of immediate military significance, became symbols of authority, on one hand, and of vaunted tradition on the other.  As the specific role castles played changed over time, they became sites of fierce contention. Particularly, castles were a major factor in the militarization of Japanese society before the Second World War and, after 1945, were important tools for demilitarizing Japan both physically and symbolically to turn it into a “nation of peace and culture.” Based on my recent co-authored book, this talk examines Japan’s castles from the late nineteenth century to the present to reconsider narratives of continuity and change in modern Japan.
概要:国内にも国外にも、日本の城は地方や、都市や、そして国民のアイデンティティの象徴となっています。現在、城は日本の都市の中心を占めており、文化財として、また日本国の過去へのリンクとして広く知られていますが、同時に近現代における今日までの城の問題的な歴史が隠れています。 明治維新後、城は以前の軍事的な意義を失い、権力や伝統などのシンボルとなり、城の役割が変化する際、激しい紛争の戦場となりました。特に、城は第二次世界大戦以前の日本社会の軍事化における主要な要因であり、1945年以降、日本を「平和と文化の国」に変えるためおよび非軍事化させるための重要な道具になりました。最近の共著の本『Japan’s Castles: Citadels of Modernity in War and Peace』(Cambridge University Press, 2019) に基づいて、この講義は近代日本における継続と変化に関する物語を再考するために19世紀後半から現在までの城の歴史を考慮します。
Bio:Ran Zwigenberg is assistant professor at Pennsylvania State University. His research focuses on modern Japanese and European history. He has taught and lectured in the United States, Europe, Israel, and Japan, and published on issues of war memory, heritage, atomic energy, psychiatry, and survivor politics.  Zwigenberg’s first book, Hiroshima: The Origins of Global Memory Culture (Cambridge University Press, 2014), was winner of the 2016 Association for Asian Studies’ John W. Hall book award. His most recent work is Japan’s Castles: Citadels of Modernity in War and Peace (Cambridge University Press, 2019, co-authored with Oleg Benesch).